The Patched Robe

اتصلت بالشيخ مولاي المرتضى sidimortada، وأخبرته أن عددا من المريدين وغيرهم يسألون عن معنى لباس(المرقعة) او مانسميه بالدربلة (“Darbalah”)، وهل لها أصل في السنة وفي طريق القوم،
فأجابني قائلا:

وبعد، فإن لباس المرقع من الثياب أمر فطري و بديهي في تاريخ الإنسان ،وقد وجد هذا الأمر في عهد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم، حيث كان بعض الصحابة لا يجدون الا ترقيع لباسهم ،فصار هذا الأمر عاديا بينهم ،حتى صار الفقير يعرف بهذا اللباس من الميسور والغني،
ولما كانت قاعدة مجاهدة النفس بسلبها ما تشتهي، طبّقها بالفعل اهل العرفان ،حيث لما تولى سيدنا عمر بن الخطاب رضي الله عنه أمر المومنين وجد نفسه تحدثه بالتكبر على الناس بلباس أفخر الثياب ،اجتهد وجاهدها ولبس المرقع من الثياب وخرج الى السوق يعطي الماء البارد للناس،
فصارت قاعدة يستعين بها كل مجاهد لنفسه من أجل تزكيتها، ومنهم سيدنا عمر بن عبدالعزيز والحسن البصري وأبو حنيفة ومولاي عبد القادر الجيلاني وابو زيد البسطامي وغيرهم رضي الله عنهم،
والمعروف أن المجذوب هو الذي جُذب الى حضرة الله وهو المقرب اليه ،يغيب عن المظاهر ولا يعبأ بالأصابع التي توجه اليه ولا يبالي كما قال أحد العارفين: تلبس تسبيح ودربلة ولا تبالي..
فهم من كانوا يتخصصون بها خصوصا في المغرب، ومنهم سيدي عبد الرحمان المجذوب صاحب الحكم ،حتى إذا ما رأيت شخصا يرتدي المرقعة في الشارع علمت أنه مجذوب لا يبالي،
وقد أدركنا شيئا من هذا بالرغم من حداثتنا ،ورأينا في كثير من الزوايا هذا الصنف الرباني الذي تميز بالولاية السرية والقرابة والحضرة الالهية،
وقد أكرمهم الله بالمشاهدة والكشف والنطق بالحكمة لله وفي الله،
وهذه المرقعة التي ورثناها من أبينا سيدي محمد البصري رحمه الله، قال أنه رأى أحد المجاذب يرتديها فمالت نفسه اعجابا بها لشكلها وبساطتها ،فكشف الله للمجذوب ذلك فنزعها عنه وأهداها لوالدي، فصار يتبرك بها في مناسبتين ،لما يحب أن يعبر للضيوف عن فرحه الشديد،
وفي صلاة الاستسقاء ،وما صلى بها صلاة استسقاء إلا أمطروا ..
وقد أشرت في تعليق على صفحة الفايسبوك أن لباس المرقعة عندنا ليس له أي دلالة على توجه معين او انتماء مخصص، فهذه المرقعة تتجاوز في عمرها 60 سنة او يزيد وهي أقدم من هذا وذاك، وأنها لا تعني طريقة ما أو مشربا ما ..
فهي تذكير للنفس بنعمة الله عليها في زمن كثر في اللباس بأنواعه، والله يحب أن يرى أثر نعمه على عبده…
وقد سئلت عن طائفة معينة ترتدي هذا اللباس رسميا في الحضر والسفر والخلوة والجلوة، وهي طائفة في شمال المغرب يذكرون الله ويصلون على رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم ويقرون بالثوابت المغربية مذهبا وعقيدا وسلوكا وامارة ،
فقلت إنهم منا وصدق شيخنا سيدي محمد بن الحبيب رضي الله عنه لما قال بالدارجة (كاع لي كايقول لا اله الا الله راه خونا)،
فالطرق الموصلة الى الله كثيرة وليس طريقنا هو الموصل وحده ،فليزم كل منا سبيله وطريقه ومشربه ،ولله ذر الامام الحسن الشاذلي رحمه الله لما قال في قصيدته مبينا طوائف طريقته، مؤكدا أنها منه رضي الله عنهم اجمعين:

 

فمنا من يموت على وضوء
ومنا من يموت على طهارا
ومنا من يكن على رأس جبل
ومنا من يكن فى قاع غارا
ومنا من يصوم ولا يبالى
فطوره الملح وعشب القفارا
ومنا من يصم يوما بيوم
ومنا من ليس يدرى كيف صارا
ومنا من اختصه الله بعز
لا بكثرة صيام ولا سهارا
ومنا من يكن شيخا مربى
رئيس القوم صاحب الوقارا
يصبغ كل من التجأ اليه
ويصدقه ولو خلع العذارا
ومنا من يهيم على علوم
وقرآن وذكر وافتكارا
ومنا من يهيم على سماع
ببندير وعود ونقر طارا
ومنا من يكون مجنونا فيها
سليب العقل يرمى بالحجارا
ومنا من يكن عريانا فيها
يغيب عن البرودة والحرارا
ومنا من يكن خفيا فيها
خفى لا يزور ولا يزارا
ومنا من يطير على الهواء
ومنا من له الخطو أين سارا
ومنا من له الشرق والغرب
والآفاق بين يديه دارا
فأحوال الرجال بحر عميق
كبحر ليس يدرك له قرارا
فسلم للرجال عن كل حال
ولا تعاتب ولا ترمى اشارا
فرضى الله عنهم أجمعين
رجال الله صغارا أو كبارا

محمد المرتضى البومسهولي ، الله وليه

 

 

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful, and peace and blessings of Allah be upon our master Muhammad and his family and companions,

I called Sheikh Moulay El Mortada (sidimortada), and told him that a number of murids and others were asking about the meaning of the patched dress, or what we call “Darbala”, and whether it has an origin in the Sunnah and on the path of the people,

He answered me, saying:
Wearing a patched dress is a natural and indisputable matter in human history. This is known in the era of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him and his family, where some of the Companions could only patch their clothes, so this matter became normal among them until the poor were differentiated from the affluent and the rich by this patched dress.

And since striving against the soul is by taking away what it desires, it was actually applied by the people of gnosis. It happened that when Sayyidina Umar ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, took charge of the command of the believers, his self suggested to him to show his prevalence over the people by wearing the most luxurious clothes. So he fought against himself and wore a patched dress and went out to the market to dispense cold water to people.

This became the basis to be followed by every person who strives against himself in order to purify it. Among those who put it into practice were our master Umar bin Abdulaziz, Al-Hassan Al-Basri, Abu Hanifa, Moulay Abdul Qadir Al-Jilani, Abu Zaid Al-Bastami and others, may Allah be pleased with them.

It is known that the Majdub is the one who has been drawn into the presence of Allah and he is close to Him. He is oblivious of appearances and does not care about those who point their fingers towards him. As one of the Arifin said: “You wear a tasbeeh and a darbala and you don’t care.”

They were the ones who used to use the derbala, especially in Morocco. Among them was Sidi Abd al-Rahman al-Majdub, the author of his famous Aphorisms. So when you saw someone wearing a patched dress in the street, you knew that he was Majdub who did not care.

Despite our age, I have met some of these people. I saw in many zawiyas this spiritual type of people who were distinguished by the hidden wilaya and divine presence.

Allah has honoured them with contemplation (mushahada), unveiling (kashf) and words of wisdom (hikma) for Allah and in Allah. Regarding this patched dress, which I inherited from my father, Sidi Muhammad al-Basri, may Allah have mercy on him, he told me that once he saw one Majdub wearing it and he liked it for its shape and simplicity. Allah unveiled that to the Majdub, so he removed it away from himself and gave it to my father.

My father used to wear this blessed patched dress in two occasions when he wanted to express his great joy to the guests, and in when he wanted to do the prayer of draught. Whenever he performed the prayer of drought wearing it, it will rain.

I have indicated in a comment on the Facebook page that our patched dress does not indicate any specific orientation or specific affiliation, as this patched dress is 60 years old or more. It is older than any affiliation, and it does not refer to any specific tariqa or membership.

It is a reminder for the soul of the grace of Allah upon it at a time when there are many different kinds of clothing available. And Allah loves to see the effect of His blessings on His servant.

I was asked about a specific group that wears this dress formally in all situations. It is a group from northern Morocco that remembers Allah and prays upon the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him and his family peace, and affirms the Moroccan principles of the madhhab, aqida, spiritual behaviour and emirate.

My answer is that they are our brothers. Our Sheikh Sidi Muhammad bin Al-Habib, may Allah be pleased with him, said the truth when he said in Moroccan dialect: “Ga3 li kay9ul la ilaha illa Allah rah khuna” (Everyone who says la ilaha illa Allah is our brother).

The roads that lead to Allah are many, and our path is not the only one. So each of us should stick to his path, method and school. May Allah bless Imam Al-Hassan Al-Shadhili when he mentioned in his poem the branches of his tariqa, confirming that all come from him, may Allah be pleased with them all:

 

Some of us die in wudu
Some of us die ritually pure
Some of us live on the top of a mountain
Some of us live in the depths of a cave
Some of us fast and do not care
Breaking the fast with salt and grass from the wastelands
Some of us fast day by day
Some of us did not know how it happened
To some of us Allah gives to him glory
Not much fasting or by keeping awake
Some of us are Shaykhs of instruction
The head of the people and owner of dignity
Caring for anyone who turns to him
Treating him with sincerity even when the murid follows his passions
Some of us wander in the sciences
The Quran, the dhikr and reflection
Some of us wander in the sama’
Flying playing the lute and beating the tambourine
Some of us are crazy about it
Mindless, throwing stones
Some of us are naked in it
Not feeling cold or heat
Some of us are hidden in it
Hidden, not visiting nor being visited
Some of us fly in the air
Some of us who goes wherever he wants
Some of us have the East and West
All horizons are at his disposal
The states of the men of Allah are a deep ocean
An ocean whose bottom is unknown
Accept the state of every man of Allah
Do not blame and do not denounce
May Allah be pleased with them all
The men of Allah, big or small

Mohamed El Mortada Elboumeshouli
Allah is his protector

 

 

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