This is more a sociological subject, which demands a proper study.
This talk is based on my personal experience teaching Islam and propagating Islam in 3 continents.
Definition of Tasawwuf.
Tasawwuf, one of the sciences derived from Qur’an and Sunnah by which the Muslim comes to know the ways to purify the heart, improve the character and the behaviour, so that he can worship Allah as if he is seeing Him.
Tasawwuf is the core of Islam. Is the Highest Objective maqsdad al-a’la.
وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ
And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.
أن تعبد الله كأنك تراه.
What do we mean by Africans.
Is African a geographic concept or a racial one?
Sub-Saharans – Blacks
Maghrebis. Libyan and Egyptians
Turuq in Europe and USA:
Naqshbandiyya, Tijaniyya, Boutchichia, Darqawi, Shadhilya, Alawi, Qadiri, Ba’lawiyya, Shaykh Ninowi, , Shaykh Nuh Ha Mim Keller, Shaykh al-Ya’qubi, Imam Sayyid Abd Allah ibn Alawi al-Haddad,
We see the influence of tasawwuf among the sub-Saharan.
Ahmed Babikir – Sammaniya
Shadhilia – Darqawiyya & Alawiyya
Promotes virtues of brotherhood and sisterhood, mutual help. They help the communities integrate being active in charity, mediation, education, intercultural dialogue. Famous Texts translated. Call people to Islam.
The Sufi accepts where Allah has put him and tries to understand the environment. Looks at himself as a representative of his Tariqa, of his Shaykh, of the Prophet Muhammad and of Islam.
Is aware of the great responsibility.
The person does not need to be affiliated to a tariqa, because if he/she has taqwa and ikhlas he is a Sufi even if he does not follow any specific tariqa.
They open centres for the dhikr of Allah, feed people, and teach the Deen.
Others may engage at a higher level of academic research or education and other may even be active socially and politically.
حُذَيْفَةَ بْنَ الْيَمَانِ، يَقُولُ: كَانَ النَّاسُ يَسْأَلُونَ رَسُولَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنِ الْخَيْرِ، وَكُنْتُ أَسْأَلُهُ عَنِ الشَّرِّ مَخَافَةَ أَنْ يُدْرِكَنِي، فَقُلْتُ: يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ، إِنَّا كُنَّا فِي جَاهِلِيَّةٍ وَشَرٍّ، فَجَاءَنَا اللهُ بِهَذَا الْخَيْرِ، فَهَلْ بَعْدَ هَذَا الْخَيْرِ شَرٌّ؟ قَالَ: «نَعَمْ»، فَقُلْتُ: هَلْ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ الشَّرِّ مِنْ خَيْرٍ؟ قَالَ: «نَعَمْ، وَفِيهِ دَخَنٌ»، قُلْتُ: وَمَا دَخَنُهُ؟ قَالَ: «قَوْمٌ يَسْتَنُّونَ بِغَيْرِ سُنَّتِي، وَيَهْدُونَ بِغَيْرِ هَدْيِي، تَعْرِفُ مِنْهُمْ وَتُنْكِرُ»، فَقُلْتُ: هَلْ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ الْخَيْرِ مِنْ شَرٍّ؟ قَالَ: «نَعَمْ، دُعَاةٌ عَلَى أَبْوَابِ جَهَنَّمَ مَنْ أَجَابَهُمْ إِلَيْهَا قَذَفُوهُ فِيهَا»، فَقُلْتُ: يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ، صِفْهُمْ لَنَا، قَالَ: «نَعَمْ، قَوْمٌ مِنْ جِلْدَتِنَا، وَيَتَكَلَّمُونَ بِأَلْسِنَتِنَا»، قُلْتُ: يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ، فَمَا تَرَى إِنْ أَدْرَكَنِي ذَلِكَ؟ قَالَ: «تَلْزَمُ جَمَاعَةَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَإِمَامَهُمْ»، فَقُلْتُ: فَإِنْ لَمْ تَكُنْ لَهُمْ جَمَاعَةٌ وَلَا إِمَامٌ؟ قَالَ: «فَاعْتَزِلْ تِلْكَ الْفِرَقَ كُلَّهَا، وَلَوْ أَنْ تَعَضَّ عَلَى أَصْلِ شَجَرَةٍ حَتَّى يُدْرِكَكَ الْمَوْتُ وَأَنْتَ عَلَى ذَلِكَ»
It has been narrated on the authority of Hudhaifa b. al-Yaman who said: People used to ask the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) about good, but I used to ask him about evil times fearing for fear that it may overtake me. I said: Messenger of Allah, we were in the midst of ignorance and evil, and then Allah brought us the present good (Islam). Is there any evil after this good? He said: Yes. I asked: Will there be a good again after that bad time? He said: Yes, but therein will be a hidden evil. I asked: What will be the evil hidden therein? He said: (That time will witness the rise of) the people who will adopt ways other than mine and seek guidance other than mine. You will know good points as well as bad points. I asked: Will there be any evil after that good? He said: Yes. (A time will come) when there will be people standing and inviting at the gates of Hell. Whoever responds to their call they will be thrown in it (fire). I said: Messenger of Allah, describe them for us. He said: All right. They will belong to us (having the same complexion as ours) and speaking our language. I said: Messenger of Allah, what do you suggest if I happen to live in that time? He said: You should stick to the main body of the Muslims and their leader. I said: If they have no (such thing as the) main body and have no leader? He said: Separate yourself from all these factions, though you may have to eat the roots of trees (in a jungle) until death comes to you and you are in this state.
I want to give a different turn to the subject
Why we Maghrebis, who supposed to represent the purest Islam, become Wahabis when we emigrate.
The nationalities more inclined to wahabism are the Arabs. Among them the Moroccans.
Cooperación entre el Ministerio del Awqaf y el de Educación.